There are no treatments to cure sickle cell disease. Instead, treatment is aimed at managing the various symptoms in an effort to minimize complications. The goals of treatment include:

  • Managing and preventing acute crisis episodes
  • Managing chronic pain
  • Managing anemia
  • Preventing and treating infections
  • Managing complications and organ damage

Treatments include:

New treatments under investigation include:

  • Gene therapy
  • Combination of clotrimazole and magnesium

Revision Information

  • Cecil Textbook of Medicine. 22nd ed. W.B. Saunders; 2003.

  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov .

  • Sickle Cell Disease Association of America website. Available at: http://www.sicklecelldisease.org .

  • Weiner CM. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill; 2008.